|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2023
Note 16. Income Taxes
In determining the quarterly provision for income taxes, the Company used the annual effective tax rate applied to year-to-date income. The Company’s annual estimated effective tax rate differs from the statutory rate primarily as a result of state taxes, permanent differences, and changes in the Company’s valuation allowance. The income tax effects of unusual or infrequent items including a change in the valuation allowance as a result of a change in judgment regarding the realizability of deferred tax assets are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate and are required to be discretely recognized in the interim period they occur.
The Company has historically maintained a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets and reported only minimal current state tax expense. The Company recorded income tax expense of approximately $12,000 and $25,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and March 31, 2022 respectively. The Company expects to maintain a valuation allowance on current year remaining net deferred tax assets by year-end due to historical operating losses, but records a net deferred tax liability when reversals of deferred tax liabilities that relate to indefinite-live intangible assets may not be used in realizing deferred tax assets.
The Company applies the standards on uncertainty in income taxes contained in ASC Topic 740, Accounting for Income Taxes. The application of this interpretation did not have any impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, as the Company did not have any significant unrecognized tax benefits during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and the year ended December 31, 2022. Currently, the statute of limitations remains open subsequent to and including the year ended December 31, 2019.